India is a country rich in history and culture, with countless attractions to explore. If you’re planning a trip to India, be sure to add these must-see historical attractions to your itinerary. From ancient temples to majestic forts, these top 5 attractions will take you on a journey through India’s fascinating past.
Taj Mahal in Agra
The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic and recognizable landmarks in India. Built-in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a tribute to his beloved wife, the Taj Mahal is a stunning example of Mughal architecture and design. Visitors can explore the intricate marble work, and beautiful gardens, and learn about the history and significance of this incredible monument. The mausoleum is surrounded by lush gardens and a reflecting pool, which enhance its beauty and serenity. The four minarets that flank the main dome are inclined slightly outward to protect the tomb from earthquakes. A visit to India is incomplete without a trip to the Taj Mahal in Agra.
Amer Fort in Jaipur
Another must-see historical attraction in India is the Amer Fort in Jaipur. Amer Fort, also known as Amber Fort, is a majestic fortification located in Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. This stunning fort was built in the 16th century and is a perfect example of Rajput architecture. Visitors can explore the intricate carvings, beautiful courtyards, and spectacular views of the surrounding hills.
One of the most popular attractions at Amer Fort is the Jaigarh Fort, which is located nearby and is connected to the Amer Fort by a series of underground tunnels. Jaigarh Fort was built to protect Amer Fort and is known for its massive cannon, the Jaivana, which is believed to be the world’s largest cannon on wheels. Don’t miss the Sheesh Mahal, or Palace of Mirrors, which is covered in thousands of tiny mirrors that reflect light in a dazzling display.
Khajuraho Temples in Madhya Pradesh
The Khajuraho Temples are a group of Hindu and Jain temples located in the town of Khajuraho in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The Khajuraho Temples are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a must-see for Indian history and architecture. Built between the 9th and 11th centuries, these temples are famous for their intricate carvings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology and daily life. There are 20 temples at the Khajuraho site, and they are divided into three groups: the Western group, the Eastern group, and the Southern group. The Western group is the largest and most popular, with several temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, and the Jain Tirthankaras.
Apart from the temples, the town of Khajuraho is also famous for its beautiful surroundings and serene environment, making it a popular destination for meditation and yoga retreats. Visitors can explore the various temples, each with its own unique style and design, and marvel at the skill and artistry of the ancient craftsmen who built them.
Red Fort in Delhi
The Red Fort in Delhi is a must-see historical attraction in India. Built-in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red Fort served as the residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years. Visitors can explore the stunning architecture, intricate carvings, and beautiful gardens of this UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has several buildings, including the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), and the Rang Mahal (Palace of Colors). Don’t miss the light and sound show in the evenings, which brings the history of the Red Fort to life.
Today, the Red Fort is a popular tourist destination and is visited by millions of people every year. It also hosts several cultural events and festivals, including the annual Independence Day celebrations.
Hampi in Karnataka
Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most fascinating historical attractions in India. Located in Karnataka, Hampi was once the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire and is now a sprawling complex of ruins and temples. The city is known for its numerous temples, palaces, and other architectural marvels, many of which were built during the Vijayanagara Empire’s reign. Some of the most famous structures in Hampi include the Virupaksha Temple, the Vittala Temple, the Lotus Mahal, and the Elephant Stables.
Apart from its historical and cultural significance, Hampi is also a popular destination for adventure and outdoor activities. The city is surrounded by hills and boulder-strewn landscapes, making it a perfect destination for trekking, rock climbing, and bouldering. The stunning architecture and intricate carvings are a testament to the skill and creativity of the ancient craftsmen who built them.
The Hampi Utsav, an annual cultural festival held in November, is another popular attraction that brings together artists, musicians, and performers from across India to showcase their talents and celebrate the city’s rich cultural heritage.